Hardwood floors are generally a very popular choice for use in the home, whether that means a house, apartment, or condominium. Often times the hardwood floors are used for cosmetic purposes because the occupant of the property simply prefers the way they look. However, hardwood floors can also be preferable because they do not often require as much work to put in and take out as carpets.
If hardwood floors are your preference, though, and your hardwood floors get damaged, it is extremely important that you attend to that damage and fix it right away. You want to avoid at all costs seeing this damage becoming disastrous and permanently ruining the look and texture of your floor. When it comes to how to repair damaged hardwood floors, there are several things you need to know.
(1) Make appropriate replacements – one thing you will likely need to do when it comes to how to repair hardwood floors is replacing chipboards, a task best completed with a circular saw. Likewise, if you have to replace old square-edged boards, they do not have interlocking edges so they are relatively easy to switch out, but you need to make sure you are extra careful in evading damage to pipes and cables underneath where you are working. Use a pencil to outline the damaged area and use a pry bar to raise the board up and avoid it falling and causing damage below.
Make sure the wood is held up securely and then mark the new material for the replacement board and cut it to size with the saw. Once you have the new board appropriately sized, lay it in where the damaged wood was and nail it into place. If you need to remove tongue and groove boards, you will need to cut through them to do so.
Once again, you are best served using a circular saw and must go out of your way to avoid damaging anything below. Cutting through any concealed nails could be tricky, so a nail cutting blade could come in handy for that. The saw should be used to cut straight through the damaged wood to and once again, a pry bar should be used to hold that wood up and keep it from doing damage below. Use a chisel to remove the tongue from the new wood and cut it to the exact size specifications that you need. It won’t be possible to nail this wood in regularly, so instead, you will need to fill the holes in with finish nails.
(2) There is more than one way to cut wood – If you are looking to learn how to repair damaged hardwood floors, it is imperative that you understand there is more than one way to cut the wood you are using for replacement. You can cut standard up-down or left-right, but if you want to remove smaller sections of wood in a more precise way, you can accomplish this best by cutting across the grain, though you must keep in mind that this could result in small cuts on the edges of pieces of wood that were directly next to the piece you are cutting through.
(3) Length and width need to be precise – No matter how you cut the wood you are using to replace the damaged wood, you have to remember that the dimensions of the new wood have to match the dimensions of the old wood exactly. If the new wood and old would do not match dimension wise, you will be looking at a situation where the new piece either will not fit at all or will not fit properly, which would make your floor potentially dangerous to walk on not to mention cosmetically undesirable.
This also applies to filling gaps in wood, because if those gaps are not filled with wood that is exactly the correct size, it could cause drafts and make the floor look improper. To fill the gaps properly, the best tools to use are a hammer to drive the wood into place and superglue on both sides to ensure the sides of the wood stick in place as well. Once the wood is nailed and glued in, you can use finish to smooth it out and help it blend in properly with the rest of the floor.
(4) All wood must be secure – Whether it is the old wood you are replacing or the new wood you are installing, it cannot be emphasized enough how important it is to ensure that all wood is secure at all times. If you are removing old wood, you can typically remove it with a pry bar and steady it, but that has to be done so as to avoid any damage below. Likewise, when laying in the new wood, it must be nailed down and secured, because if it is loose, the board can cause damage to property below or to any person who happens to walk on it at an inopportune time.
You must also tread lightly when it comes to pieces of wood that are exposed or sticking out. Being careful with how you remove a piece of exposed wood is crucial because it is very easy to hurt yourself when taking it out. Injuries can range from a simple splinter to a board through the eye, to a head injury if the loose or exposed wood pops up and hits you. In addition to safety concerns, aesthetically, you want to do everything in your power to use wood that matches the original on your floor. Being able to use replacement wood that is identical to the original means it is guaranteed to fit if sized properly and will look right if put in place of the old wood.
If you are unable to find wood that matches the original, however, it may be possible to coat the replacement wood in a way that would help it blend in with the original wood.